Must Haves for Every Technician’s Toolbox
Every technician has a toolbox, but what do you NEED to have in it? While there’s no “right” answer, here is a list of tools that PMG’s most successful technicians always have in their toolboxes:
- Hand Drivers
- Chisels & Punches
- Files & Deburring Tools
- Drills & Drivers
- Cutters & Saws
- Grinders & Sanders
- Calipers & Micrometers
- Indicators & Edge Finders
- Markers & Soapstone
Hand Tools for Your Toolbox
Machinists and maintenance technicians need a good set of wrenches, ratchets, and sockets in typical SAE and metric sizes. A good adjustable wrench and a set of Allen wrenches are also must haves. Most also carry a quality torx set because of their prevalence in industrial settings. I recommend this Craftsman set.
Hand drivers may be the toothbrush of tools, rarely appreciated though used every day, but that’s what makes them essential. Every technician prefers a power tool for any job, but sometimes you can’t get power tools where they need to be. A good selection of hand drivers with varied lengths and a multitude of heads (slotted, Philips, square, etc.) can often be a big job saver.
Whether used for holding work pieces or trimming and stripping wires, or turning the nut a wrench can’t reach, a technician can never have too many pliers. From slip-joint to locking and needle-nose to linesman’s, make sure this tool is well represented in your bag.
Technician or not, everybody knows about hammers, but those used in manufacturing aren’t your father’s claw hammer. It doesn’t matter if you need to set tooling and fixtures, make repairs or fine adjustments, or just knock something loose. A good collection of specialty hammers such as ball peens, brass, and dead blows will more than pull their weight in the shop.
Chisels & Punches
Sets of up to 1” for chisels and punches can go a long way for working on tooling, fixtures and finished work pieces. Having them may also be the difference between saving the machine, the tool, or your fingers from unnecessary damage in the process.
Files & Deburring tools
Files and deburring tools are integral for finish work on parts and features for both machinists and welders. Owning a great set of both is often all that separates a tedious job from an impossible one especially when dealing with fine materials or high tolerance pieces. I recommend this deburr set from NOGA.
Power Tools for Your Toolbox
Drills & Drivers
Drills and drivers replace hand tools where appropriate to save time and physical strain. Recent advancements in battery technology now allow many companies to make great entries in this field. However, regardless of brand, the choice will always be between power and physical profile. Be honest about the work you do most or be prepared to see this collection grow quickly.
Cutters and Saws
Cutters and saws help make more accurate cuts faster, more often than hand tools. You can choose from corded or cordless varieties, and both have their advantages. The convenience and portability of cordless versions normally win in most scenarios. Remember though, it’s still a battery tool. The same considerations apply to these as mentioned for drills and drivers.
Grinders and Sanders
A quality belt sander and an angle grinder, both with cutting and grinding heads, are essential for rough maintenance and fine finish work. It doesn’t matter if you’re a welder, machinist or maintenance technician, you will have to clean up weld slag or tool chatter at some point. Pro tip, if you need to use either for more than a few minutes at a time, go with the corded version. Cordless sanders and grinders lose battery fast.
Measuring Tools for Your Toolbox
Calipers and Micrometers
A quality 0-1” micrometer and a good 6” caliper will take any machinist a long way by accommodating a majority of typical sized work pieces and features. If you need a bigger range for your daily work, then your tool box is probably already in great shape without this list. Pro tip: Analog dials never have batteries die, but digitals have fewer parts that need cleaning to maintain accuracy over time.
Machinist square or combo square, both will help you start and check your work. You won’t get far without one or the other. When buying, go for sturdy over fancy.
A 6” scale is standard and I recommend sticking with metal for durability and accuracy. Indicators and edge finders are essential for setting your axis, finding the edge of your part and fine-tuning settings. A scale is often overlooked, but you’re simply not a machinist without it.
Flashlights make it easier to do work when you can see it. Get a few and make sure at least one has a flexible head. Magnetic bases frequently come in handy too.
Don’t use your phone as a calculator – there’s a greater chance you’ll wreck it. A calculator capable of performing trig functions is a must for multi-axis machining.
Being able to read your markings on greasy, oily metal is essential in production environments and being able to remove the markings after is a plus.
This is your most important tool as a technician because it allows you to reference work you’ve done and make sure you can apply that previous knowledge to the current job at hand.
When you go to the job, your tools need to come with you. PMG’s traveling technicians all need a quality toolbox that is portable, adjustable and lockable. I recommend something like this stack-able system available from Uline.
Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)
Every work site has its own requirements for PPE, but they all begin with boots. Steel or composite safety toes are the standard, but built-in internal metatarsal protection boots are becoming more common all the time. Waterproofing, slip resistance, and electrical ratings are other things to consider when buying boots. I recommend boots like these from Carhartt.
Hard hats or helmets, safety glasses, and hearing protection are often provided by the employer, but every technician has a favorite that works best for their job. When you find yours, buy two.
Position specific equipment like auto-darkening visors for welders and respirators for painters are also PPE worth considering.
While this list is not definitive, it’s a great start to building your kit. See what your toolbox is missing and consider adding some missing items.
If your collection already includes everything mentioned above, and you know how to use it, you’re probably ready for a career in the manufacturing industry. Send your resume to [email protected] and we’ll get you started!
Want to learn more about what it’s like to be a traveling technician? Check out our webinar Road Warrior – What it’s like to be a traveling technician Road Warrior.
About the Author
Josh Erickson, ReTool & Technical Solutions Associate